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What Is PMS?

Men dread it when that time of the month comes when women have PMS. But what is PMS, actually?

Premenstrual syndrome is a medical condition that causes a wide range of physical and psychological symptoms in women of childbearing years. PMS occurs days ahead of a woman’s monthly menstruation.

According to the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology, PMS triggers severe sensations that interfere with a woman’s life. While the cause of this cyclic occurrence is generally unknown, experts surmise that the symptoms are results of shifting hormonal levels, particularly progesterone and estrogen, as the woman’s body prepares for her menstrual period.

PMS is usually characterized by symptoms that impair a woman’s quality of life. She may experience a variety of conditions, which includes migraine, chronic fatigue, irritable bowel syndrome, depression and thyroid disease. These symptoms may occur around two weeks before her scheduled menstrual period.

PMS treatment generally revolves around addressing its symptoms. Managing these symptoms, may entail healthy lifestyle changes such as proper diet, regular exercise and adequate rest.

Nutrition is an integral aspect to overall health and wellness. By decreasing the amount of sugar, salt and caffeine in food or beverage intake, women may notice that PMS symptoms will ease up. It also helps to take nutritional supplements like vitamins B6 and E, magnesium and calcium.

Regular exercise is another crucial element to alleviate the PMS symptoms. Aerobic physical activities like walking and running can have a massive effect on your overall health as they provide relief from the undesirable symptoms.

Taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can also help address PMS symptoms such as breast tenderness, cramps, back pain and headache. Certain medications may also be used to treat psychological conditions like anxiety and depression.